Elias Samuel Cooper, 1819-1893
1820-1862 Papers
MSS 10
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Lane Medical Archives
Stanford University Medical Center

Contact Information
Lane Medical Archives
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California 94035
Phone: (650) 725-8045
Email: lanearchives@lists.stanford.edu




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Preliminary note:

The bulk of Dr. Elias Samuel Cooper’s personal papers are in the Library of the California Historical Society in San Francisco as MS 458. They include the notes and research on Dr. Cooper’s life done by Dr. Ludwig A. Emge. The finding aid to this Collection is included here for the researcher’s convenience in Box 1, Folder 1.

A complete and accurate account of the life and work of Elias Samuel Cooper is found in Dr. John L. Wilson’s online book, Stanford University School of Medicine and the Predecessor Schools - An Historical Perspective. Using sources such as Elias’ brother Jacob’s diary, made available to researchers for the first time, and Elias’ papers at the California Historical Society Library, Dr. Wilson was able to reconstruct much of Elias’ life. He carefully tracked down the many inaccuracies and apocryphal stories about ESC. The finding aid for Lane Medical Archives MSS39, John L. Wilson’s papers, is a useful guide to information about Dr. Cooper available in the Lane Medical Archives, in the open Lane Library collection, and also photocopies of selected materials at the California Historical Society. The finding aid for Dr. Wilson’s papers is in Box 1, Folder 1.2.



Box no. Contents
1.1 Finding aid for E. S. Cooper Collection, Manuscript Collection, California Historical Society Library, San Francisco, MS458.
1.2 Finding aid for Lane Medical Archives MSS39, John L. Wilson’s Papers.
1.3 Chapters and subheadings for material in Stanford University School of Medicine and the Predecessor Schools.
1.4 Selected biographical articles, and L. C. Lane’s obituary of his uncle, (manuscript of the last document is in the Levi Cooper Lane collection, MSS 18). Copies of other biographies and eulogies are found in Dr. John L. Wilson’s papers, MSS 39, Folders 2.47, 3.66 to 3.68, 4.3a and 436. For information on Cooper family genealogy, see Lane Medical Archives MSS 39, Folders 2.54 – 2.63. Information, photocopies of diary pages, and photocopies of Dr. Wilson's transcriptions from the diaries of Jacob Cooper, Elias Samuel Cooper’s brother (access to these diaries was courtesy of their owner, John McDonnell, Jacob Cooper's great - great grandson). See Lane Medical Archives MSS 39, Folders 2.64-2.66.
1.5 Pictures, for others, see MSS 39, Dr John L. Wilson Papers, Folders 2.59 and 2.60.
1.6 Correspondence about Cooper’s application for positions at Rush Medical School and University of Iowa, 1850-51.
1.7 E. S. Cooper’s 1854 letter to Honorable Hugh Keenan in Dublin, Ireland declaring his intention to establish a medical school in San Francisco.
1.8 1857 letters to E. S. Cooper, one on patient care and one regarding San Francisco Medico Chirurgical Society.
1.9 1858 letter from Captain James M. McDonald, Cooper’s friend.
1.10 1859 letter from E. S. Cooper calling for forming a new state medical association or restoring the old.
1.11 1861 conciliatory letter to E.S.C. from Dr. Levis in Philadelphia, writing on behalf of Dr. Butler.
1.12 Correspondence - Photocopies of Cooper family correspondence courtesy of Keith and Rose Cooper. His great grandfather was Elias Samuel Cooper, the elder brother of Elias Samuel Cooper.

See also Lane Medical Archives, MSS39 John L. Wilson's Papers, Box 2, Folders 2.41 - 5 for photocopies of selected correspondence of ESC in his papers in the California Historical Society Library.

Box no. Contents
1.13 Introductory lecture in surgery (holograph) no date. This rough draft, apparently in Cooper’s handwriting, contains all but the first few pages and the concluding ones of the Lecture Introductory. The Lecture Introductory is a holograph in polished calligraphy with no date.
1.14 Holograph article, “Ligating the external iliac artery” 25 April / 1856. This is apparently a very early draft of the article, “On ligating the satellite veins…”, published in the California State Medical Journal 1857 Apr; 2 (2); 441-445.
1.15 Holograph article? Operation for bronchocele, ligation of superior and inferior thyroidal artery-case. (incomplete)
1.16 Bibliography of all his publications, including editorial comments made as editor of San Francisco Medical Press.
1.17 Copy of San Francisco Medical Press, which Cooper founded and edited until his last illness. 1858-1862.

See also Lane Medical Archives, MSS 39 John L. Wilson Papers, Box 3, Folders 3.69 – 3.77 and Box 4, Folders 4.4 – 4.10.

Other material, which might lend insight into Elias Samuel Cooper’s life and his interests may be found in the volumes of pamphlets, which he collected. These volumes are shelved in the Lane Library Locked History Collection as Pamphlets H111H.P19, vols.1 - 14, vol.11 missing.

Box no. Contents
1.18 Cooper Family Ancestry, 1649-1850. Notes on ancestry of the Cooper family (provided by Keith and Rose Cooper).
Letter from Levi Cooper Lane from Peoria, IL to Esaias in Hendersonville, Feb. 5, 1952.
Letter to Esaias from Elias about court case and the practice in Peoria, March 20, 1952.
Letter from Elias to Esaias, Sept. 2, 1850.
Letter to Emma L. Cooper, eldest daughter of Esaias, Oct. 14, 1840.
Letter to Esaias in Henderson, Il, from brother Jacob in Somerville, Iowa, Feb. 24, 1950.
Cooper family tree.
Photo of Esaias Samuel Cooper.
1.19 Esaias S. Cooper, M.D.
Letter to his sister (Ruth Cooper) with a postscript about Elias Samuel Cooper.
Family pictures (photocopies).
Sketch of life of Esaias S. Cooper, M.D.
Esaias S. Cooper license to practice medicine in the State of Illinois.
1.20 Cooper Homestead in Ohio, 1884 – pictures (photocopies); text.
1.21 Letter to Dr. E.H.Pardee, 1857.
1.22 Elias Samuel Cooper, M.D. (1822-1962) Background information.

Elias Samuel Cooper material in the Library of the California Historical Society in San Francisco.

The scope note for the finding aid for Elias Samuel Cooper Collection, MS 458 in the California Historical Society Library, San Francisco, states, "The Dr. Elias Samuel Cooper Papers consist of four feet of personal papers covering the period 1844-1862. The collection includes correspondence to and from Cooper regarding family matters, case reports, medical articles, lectures on medical and surgical procedures and the formation of a medical college and medical journal. The collection also includes lecture notes, his medical advertisements, articles written by Cooper, account books and an incomplete biography. In addition, there are the research notes and materials accumulated by Dr. Ludwig Emge during his research on Cooper's life.”

MS 3119 in the California Historical Society Library is the Record Book of the San Francisco Medico-Chirurgical Society. Dr. Cooper was instrumental in the founding of this short-lived society. A photocopy of the first fourteen pages of this record book and extensive notes on its contents, as well as Cooper's role in the society, are in folders #2.52 - 2.53 of John L Wilson's Papers MSS 39, Lane Medical Archives.

Bibliography Listing of Original Articles by Elias Samuel Cooper, M.D.
(Dr. Cooper is the sole author of all his publications.)

1849 Remarks on congestive fever. (To be continued.)
St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 1849 Jan and Feb; 6(4):323-327.
Remarks on belladonna as an application to ulcers.
North-Western Medical and Surgical Journal (Chicago and Indianapolis) 1849 Feb and Mar; 5(6):471-475.
1850 Remarks on congestive fever. (Continued from a previous number, and concluded.)
St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 1850 Jan; 7(1):20-25. Congestive fever.
North-Western Medical and Surgical Journal (Chicago and Indianapolis) 1850 Nov; 7(4): 299-306.
1851 Chloroform in surgical operations.
Proceedings of the Illinois State Medical Society, 3-4 June 1851. Appendix B. pp. 21-25.
1852 Collodion in entropium.
Transactions of the Illinois State Medical Society, 1-3 June 1852. Appendix B. pp. 31-32.
A new instrument for cauterizing the urethra.
Transactions of the Illinois State Medical Society, 1-3 June 1852. Appendix C. pp. 33-35.
Remarks on the treatment of incomplete anchylosis of the knee-joint.
Transactions of the Illinois State Medical Society, 1-3 June 1852. Appendix D. pp. 37-43.
1853 No articles published in 1853.
At the Third Annual Meeting of the Illinois State Medical Society held at Chicago, June, 1853, E.S. Cooper is reported in the Minutes to have read a "paper on the medical and surgical diseases of the eye ...". This paper was not printed in the Transactions of the Illinois State Medical Society, 7-9 June 1853 (or elsewhere in the medical literature as far as could be determined by search).
1854 Walking rendered the primary element in the cure of deformities of the lower extremities ; its early adaptation to white swelling and coxalgia, with apparatus for carrying out the designs of the same.
Transactions of the Illinois State Medical Society, 6-7 June 1854. pp. 39-54.
1855 No articles published in 1855.
1856 Remarks upon the practicability of obliterating the abdominal aorta by gradual pressure, illustrated by vivisections. A paper read before the California State Medical Society.
California State Medical Society Journal (Sacramento) 1856 Jul; 1(1):69-72.
1857 Deformities of the locomotive apparatis. Annual address of the President of the California State Medical Society delivered February 12th, 1857, by the 1st Vice President, E. S. Cooper, A.M., M.D., of San Francisco.
Transactions of the Second Session of the Medical Society of the State of California 11-13 February 1857. pp. 17-22.
On ligating the satellite veins in connexion with the arteries which they accompany. Operation of ligating the external iliac artery and vein. Rapid recovery of the patient.
Transactions of the Second Sessions of the Medical Society of the State of California 11-13 February 1857. pp. 29-33. Report of an operation for removing a foreign body from beneath the heart.
Transactions, San Francisco County Medico Chirurgical Association, 1857. (Published by the San Francisco County Medico Chirurgical Association as an additional paper to its transactions for the year 1857. Publisher - San Francisco: Whitton, Towne and Co., Printers and Publishers, 1857.)
1858 On exsection of bones. Reproduction of parts, etc. (Read before the Pacific Medical and Surgical Association, Dec. 17th, 1957.)
Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal (San Francisco) 1858 Jan; 1(1):9-13.
Case of osteo-sarcomatous affection, embracing the left clavicle, the sternum, sterno-cleido-mastoid, and scalinus anticus muscles, and adherent to vena inominata, the 1st intercostal muscle, etc., etc. (Read before the Pacific Medical and Surgical Association, January, 1858.)
Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal (San Francisco) 1858 Feb; 1(2):49-52.
Results of surgical operation in California.
Transactions of the Third Session of the Medical Society of the State of California, 10-12 February, 1858. pp. 110-132.
1859 A case tending to show the effects of climate in California upon the healing of wounds.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1859 May; 10(5):378-379.
On incisions into the joints, in cases of synovitis Articular wounds in general, with remarks.
Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 1859 May 28; 2(9):177-179.
A case of ununited fracture of the upper third of the femur, of two years' standing, successfully treated by the use of silver ligatures.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1859 Jul; 2(7):399-402.
Case of pseudarthrosis of the upper third of the thigh successfully treated by the use of silver wire.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1859 Sep; 10(9):692-693.
Aneurism of the right carotid and subclavian arteries. Ligation of the arteria innominata.
American Journal of Medical Sciences (Philadelphia) 1859 Oct; 38(76): 395-396.
A new method of operating for varicose veins.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1859 Oct; 10(10):730-732.
Removal of seven inches of the shaft of tibia.Reproduction of bone. Fracture of the new bone. Neglected fracture; pseudarthrosis. Operation. Recovery.
St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 1859 Nov; 17(6):507-510.
Note. This article was reprinted as follows:
Removal of seven inches of the shaft of the tibia. Reproduction of bone. Fracture of new bone. Neglected fracture; pseudarthrosis. Operation. Recovery.
San Francisco Medical Press 1860 Jul; 1(3):139-144.
To the article as reprinted in the San Francisco Medical Press, Dr. Cooper has added a brief commentary; a letter from the patient; and a "plate" of the removed section of bone.
A case of uterine tumor weighing twenty-one ounces removed by means of a modification of the ecraseur.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1859 Dec; 10(2):884-886.
On the removal of floating cartilages from the knee joint, by a free incision; with remarks upon the admission of air into wounds of the joints in general.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1859 Dec; 2(12):722-725.
1860 Inquiry into the effects of atmosphere admitted to wounded bones, tendons, and into joints.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1860 Jan; 11(1):55-58.
Removal of seven inches of shaft of the fibula. Recovery of the patient. Description of a new instrument for facilitating the passage of the chain-saw under the bone.
Chicago Medical Journal 1860 Jan; 3(1):22-25.
Operation for removal of bronchocele. Death of the patient.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1860 Jan; 3(1):15-17.
Case of exsection of the lower end of the femur. Reproduction of bone. Subsequent disease of the soft parts and amutation, with remarks upon the effects of atmosphere admitted into wounds and joints.
St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 1860 Jan; 18(1):28-32.
Preparation of iron in skin diseases.
San Francisco Medical Press 1860 Jan; 1(1):25-26.
Cases of osteosarcoma of the clavicle.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1860 Feb; 3(2):75-79.
Ipecacuanha in diarrhea and dysentery.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1860 Mar; 3(3):148-149.
Strangulated hernia reduced by collodion.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1860 Jun; 11(6):401-403.
Scooping of bone a substitute for exsection or amputation. A paper read by Dr. E. S. Cooper, before the San Francisco Medico-Chirurgical Association.
San Francisco Medical Press 1860 Jul; 1(3):156-161.
A new method of obliterating aneurysmal tumors by ligatures.
San Francisco Medical Press 1860 Oct; 1(4):223-225.
On opening freely the large joints for the purpose of discharging purulent matter, as well as for the better treatment of ulcerations of the articular surfaces. Remarks upon the innocuousness of atmosphere admitted into the joints, etc., etc.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1860 Dec; 11(12):881-885.
A case of synovitis and ulceration of the articular surfaces of the knee-joint. Cure by opening the capsular ligament on both sides, and dividing two-thirds ofthe ligamentum patella by a transverse incision.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1860 Dec; 11(12):885-887.
Case of long-standing inflammation of the knee-joint, accompanied with ulceration of articulating faces of the patella, the tibia, and the condyles of the femur. Cured by dividing the ligamentum patellae, and opening the joint freely. Subsequent reproduction of the ligament, etc., etc. (To be continued.)
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1860 Dec; 11(12):887-890.
1861 Is there any known limit beyond which it is impossible for a divided ligament or tendon to be reproduced? Cases tending to prove there is not, with remarks. (Continued from the previous number, and concluded.)
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1861 Jan; 12(1):1-6.
Division of the tendo-achilles by direct incision. Cases showing a separation of the divided extremities of three and four inches, followed by a reproduction of tendon.
American Medical Gazette (New York) 1861 Jan; 12(1):6-9.
Successful removal of ovarian tumor of eighteen pounds.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1861 Jan; 4(1):9-10.
Operation for the removal of an ovarian tumor, weighing 17 pounds. Death of patient by subsequent internal hemorrhage.
San Francisco Medical Press 1861 Jan; 2(5):10-13.
Reproduction of the left half of the lower maxilla.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 Feb 23; 2(8):129-130.
Scooping of the upper part of the tibia for long-standing disease of that bone. Cure of patient.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1861 Mar; 4(3):150-151.
New mothod of treating long standing dislocations of the scapulo-clavicular articulation.
American Journal of Medical Sciences (Philadelphia) 1861 Apr; 41(82):389-392.
Removal of five inches of the lower end of the fibula,from a boy, two years and seven months old. Reproduction of bone and cure of patient.
San Francisco Medical Press 1861 Apr; 2(6):79-81.
Case of ununited fracture of the os humeri of four years' standing. Cure by the use of silver ligatures.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 May 25; 2(21):337.
Case of death from pyemia after exsecting a portion of the tibia.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 Jun 1; 2(22):353-354.
Case of exsection of the articulating faces of the knee-joint, for disease of eleven years' standing. Cure of the patient.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 Jun 8; 2(23):368-369.
Making one finger of two pieces.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1861 Jul; 4(7):393-394.
Case of convergent strabismus, accompanied with true fibrous degeneration of the subconjunctival fascia and other tissues. Almost complete blindness in one eye. Operation. Cure. With remarks upon the usual plan of operation.
San Francisco Medical Press 1861 Jul; 2(7):129-133.
Case of pseudarthrosis of the tibia in a medical man. Cured by the use of silver ligatures.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 Aug 10; 3(6):84-85.
Case of ununited double fracture of the lower maxilla, of twenty months' standing. Cured by the use of silver ligatures.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 Aug 17; 3(7):101.
Operation for the removal of the head and neck of the of femoris in a case of morbus coxarius. Cure of the patient.
American Medical Times (New York) 1861 Aug 24; 3(8):116.
Case of ligating the arteria innominata; with remarks.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1861 Aug; 4(8):475-480.
Operation for exsecting the humero-ulnar joint. Removing two inches of the lower end of the os humeri and over one inch of the ulna, including also the cylindrical head of the radius.
St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 1861 Sep; 19(5):414-416.
Case of degeneration of the substance of the radius and ulna. The shafts of the two bones becoming identified in structure. Removal of a longitudinal section, and drilling the bony substance. Cure.
St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 1861 Sep; 19(5):416-419.
Case of exsection of the knee-joint in consequence of disease of bone caused by a gun-shot wound.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1861 Oct; 4(10):604-605.
Case of ununited fracture of the lower third of the femur. Cured by the use of silver ligatures.
Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 1861 Dec; 4(12):715-717.
1862 Removing the clitoris in cases of masturbation, accompanied with threatening insanity.
San Francisco Medical Press 1862 Jan; 3(9):17-21.
Cutting away of bronchocele without hemorrhage, with a case. Remarks.
Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 1862 Apr 12; 8(2):38-39.
Case of ununited fracture of the tibia; curvature of the fibula; union by silver ligatures.
Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 1862 Apr 19; 8(3):56.
Fracture with depression of the skull of seven years' standing, resulting in loss of memory and epileptic fits.
American Medical Times (New York) 1862 Jun 7; 4(23):310.
Note. A preliminary report of this case was published as follows:
Editor's Table. Case of trephining for epilepsy, temporary relief obtained, apparently from loss of blood.
San Francisco Medical Press 1861 Oct; 2(3):228-230.
Operation for morbus coxarius. Removal of the head and neck of the femur, and also the articulating face of the acetabulum.
Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 1862 Jun 7; 8(10):244-245.
Note. A preliminary report of this case was published as follows:
Editor's table. Rapid recovery after the exsection of the hip joint.
San Francisco Medical Press 1861 Jul; 2(7):159.
Removal of a tumor involving the parotid and submaxillary glands; destruction of the tempero-maxillary articulation; reproduction of joint, and cure of patient.
American Medical Times (New York) 1862 Jun 14; 4(24):330-331.
Note. A preliminary report of this case was published as follows:
Editor's Table. Removal of the parotid and sub-maxillary glands. Tempero-maxillary articulation destroyed and reproduced.
San Francisco Medical Press 1861 Jul; 2(7):152-154.
Note. A follow-up report of this case was published as follows:
Editor's table. Complete reproduction of the tempero-maxillary articulation.
San Francisco Medical Press 1862 Jul; 3(11):182
Case of ununited fracture of the lower maxilla successfully treated by silver ligatures.
Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 1862 Jun 14; 8(11):267-268.
A case of scooping a portion of the tibia, for disease of twenty-four years' standing. Operation; cure.
American Medical Times (New York) 1862 Jun 21;4(25):347.
A new method of regular and constant coarctation of parts in operations for harelip.
San Francisco Medical Press 1862 Jul; 3(11):177-179.
Note. This report was printed in the section of the journal entitled "Editor's Table", but it has format and content appropriate to an original article rather than an editorial. The report is therefore included in this Bibliography as an original article.
On reproduction of tendons whose divided ends have separated over four inches.
San Francisco Medical Press 1862 Jul; 3(11):179-182.
Note. This report was printed in the section of the journal entitled "Editor's Table", but it has format and content appropriate to an original article rather than an editorial. The report is therefore included in this Bibliography as an original article.


updated Feb. 27, 2007