Lane Library

Appendix 2a. Bibliography of Elias Samuel Cooper, MD (1820-1862):
Original Articles and Commentaries

(Dr. Cooper is the sole author of all his publications)

1849

  1. "Remarks on congestive fever." (To be continued.) St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 6, no. 4 (Jan and Feb 1849): 323-327.
  2. "Remarks on belladonna as an application to ulcers." North-Western Medical and Surgical Journal 5, no. 6 (Feb and Mar 1849): 471-475.

1850

  1. "Remarks on congestive fever." (Continued from Citation No. 1 above) St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 7, no. 1 (Jan 1850): 20-25.
  2. "Congestive fever." North-Western Medical and Surgical Journal 7, no. 4 (Nov 1850): 299-306.

1851

  1. "Chloroform in surgical operations." Proceedings, Illinois State Medical Society, 3-4 June 1851, Appendix B, pp. 21-25.

1852

  1. "Collodion in entropium." Transactions, Illinois State Medical Society, 1-3 June 1852, Appendix B, pp. 31-32.
  2. "A new instrument for cauterizing the urethra." Transactions, Illinois State Medical Society, 1-3 June 1852, Appendix C, pp. 33-35.
  3. "Remarks on the treatment of incomplete anchylosis of the knee-joint." Transactions, Illinois State Medical Society, 1-3 June 1852, Appendix D, pp. 37-44.

1853

No articles were published in 1853. At the Third Annual Meeting of the Illinois State Medical Society held at Chicago, June, 1853, E.S. Cooper is reported in the Minutes to have read a paper on the medical and surgical diseases of the eye. This paper was not printed in the Transactions, Illinois State Medical Society, 7-9 June 1853, or elsewhere in the medical literature as far as could be determined by search.

1854

  1. "Walking rendered the primary element in the cure of deformities of the lower extremities; its early adaptation to white swelling and coxalgia, with apparatus for carrying out the designs of the same." Transactions, Illinois State Medical Society, 6-7 June 1854, pp. 39-54. Chicago: J. F. Ballantyne, Printer and Publisher, 1854.

1855

No articles published in 1855.

1856

  1. "Remarks upon the practicability of obliterating the abdominal aorta by gradual pressure, illustrated by vivisections." (A paper read before the First Session of the California State Medical Society, 12-14 March 1856.) California State Medical Journal 1, no. 1 (Jul 1856): 69-72.

1857

  1. "Deformities of the locomotive apparatus." (Annual address of the President of the California State Medical Society delivered 12 February 1857 by First Vice President E. S. Cooper of San Francisco at the Second Session of the California State Medical Society, 11-13 February 1857.) California State Medical Journal 2, no. 2 (Apr 1857): 429-434.
  2. "On ligating the satellite veins in connexion with the arteries which they accompany: Operation of ligating the external iliac artery and vein; Rapid recovery of the patient." California State Medical Journal 2, no. 2 (Apr 1857): 441-445.
  3. "Report of an operation for removing a foreign body from beneath the heart." In Transactions, San Francisco County Medico-Chirurgical Association, 1857. Published by the San Francisco County Medico-Chirurgical Association as an additional paper to its Transactions for the year 1857. San Francisco: Whitton, Towne and Co., Printers and Publishers, 1857, 9 pp.

1858

  1. "On exsection of bones: Reproduction of parts, etc." (Read before the Pacific Medical and Surgical Association, 17 December 1957.) Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal 1, no. 1 (Jan 1858): 9-13.
  2. "Case of osteo-sarcomatous affection, embracing the left clavicle, the sternum, sterno-cleido-mastoid, and scalenus anticus muscles, and adherent to vena innominata, the 1st intercostal muscle, etc., etc." (Read before the Pacific Medical and Surgical Association, January 1858.) Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal 1, no. 2 (Feb 1858): 49-52.
  3. "Results of surgical operations in California." Transactions, Third Session of the Medical Society of the State of California, 10-12 February, 1858, pp. 110-132.

1859

  1. "A case tending to show the effects of climate in California upon the healing of wounds." American Medical Gazette (New York) 10, no. 5 (May 1859): 378-379.
  2. "On incisions into the joints, in cases of synovitis: Articular wounds in general, with remarks." Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 2, no. 9 (May 28, 1859): 177-179.
  3. "A case of ununited fracture of the upper third of the femur, of two years' standing, successfully treated by the use of silver ligatures." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 2, no. 7 (Jul 1859): 399-402.
  4. "Case of pseudarthrosis of the upper third of the thigh successfully treated by the use of silver wire." American Medical Gazette (New York) 10, no. 9 (Sep 1859): 692-693.

    Note: Citations 19 and 20 are case reports on the same patient.

  5. "Aneurism of the right carotid and subclavian arteries: Ligation of the arteria innominata." American Journal of Medical Sciences (Philadelphia) 38, no. 76 (Oct 1859): 395-396.
  6. "A new method of operating for varicose veins." American Medical Gazette (New York) 10, no. 10 (Oct 1859): 730-732.
  7. "Removal of seven inches of the shaft of tibia. Reproduction of bone. Fracture of the new bone. Neglected fracture; pseudarthrosis. Operation. Recovery." St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 17, no. 6 (Nov 1859): 507-510.
  8. "A case of uterine tumor weighing twenty-one ounces removed by means of a modification of the ecraseur." American Medical Gazette (New York) 10, no. 2 (Dec 1859): 884-886.
  9. "On the removal of floating cartilages from the knee joint, by a free incision; with remarks upon the admission of air into wounds of the joints in general." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 2, no. 12 (Dec 1859): 722-725.

1860

After beginning publication of the San Francisco Medical Press in January 1860, Cooper not only contributed original papers to that and other journals but also began to comment more or less extensively in the Press on selected articles from the medical literature and on a wide range of medical subjects. These remarks are a valuable source of information on his opinions and methods and are therefore included in the Bibliography. Each such item is cited as a Commentary.

  1. "Inquiry into the effects of atmosphere admitted to wounded bones, tendons, and into joints." American Medical Gazette (New York) 11, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 55-58.
  2. "Removal of seven inches of shaft of the fibula: Recovery of the patient; Description of a new instrument for facilitating the passage of the chain-saw under the bone." Chicago Medical Journal 3, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 22-25.
  3. "Operation for removal of bronchocele (goiter): Death of the patient." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 3, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 15-17.

    Note: Death attributable to chloroform anesthesia.

  4. "Case of exsection of the lower end of the femur: Reproduction of bone; Subsequent disease of the soft parts and amputation, with remarks upon the effects of atmosphere admitted into wounds and joints." St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 18, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 28-32.
  5. "Preparation of iron in skin diseases." San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 25-26.
  6. "After effects of diphtheria" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 35.
  7. "Diphtheria and scarlatina" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 1 (Jan 1860): 62-63.
  8. "Cases of osteosarcoma of the clavicle." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 3, no. 2 (Feb 1860): 75-79.
  9. "Ipecacuanha in diarrhea and dysentery." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 3, no. 3 (Mar 1860): 148-149.
  10. "A French doctor versus silver ligatures" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 2 (Apr 1860): 108-109.
  11. "Strangulated hernia reduced by collodion." American Medical Gazette (New York) 11, no. 6 (Jun 1860): 401-403.
  12. "Removal of seven inches of the shaft of the tibia. Reproduction of bone. Fracture of new bone. Neglected fracture; pseudarthrosis. Operation. Recovery." San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 3 (Jul 1860): 139-144.

    Note: Reprinted from St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 17, no. 6 (Nov 1859): 507-510 (citation No. 23 above) with added comments and an illustration of the exsected tibial segment.

  13. "Scooping of bone a substitute for exsection or amputation." (A paper read by Dr. E. S. Cooper, before the San Francisco Medico-Chirurgical Association.) San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 3 (Jul 1860): 156-161.
  14. "Case of ununited fracture of the humerus: Failure of Brainard's Operation, and of the seton" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 3 (Jul 1860): 167-171.
  15. "Acupressure - A new method of arresting surgical hemorrhage" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 3 (Jul 1860): 171-173.

    Note: The famous obstetrician of Edinburgh, Professor J. Y. Simpson, who introduced the deadly chloroform and opposed Lister, described a technique to control arterial bleeding in wounds by passing multiple slender needles, in through the skin on one side of the wound and out through the skin on the other, in such a manner as to compress the arteries in the intervening tissues. This method, suggested as a substitute for ligatures was presented by Professor Simpson in a lengthy report to the Royal Society of Edinburgh in December 1859. The report was reviewed in the American Journal of Medical Sciences. Cooper analyzed the review and astutely observed that "acupressure" as advocated by Professor Simpson "appears to possess no advantages, but many disadvantages over the ligature. We therefore predict its ultimate failure in securing the confidence of the medical public generally." Cooper's prediction was entirely correct. He refers to acupressure as ineffectual in several of his later Commentaries.

  16. "Aneurism of the right carotid and subclavian arteries; ligation of the arteral innominata" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 3 (Jul 1860): 189-191.

    Note: In Citation No. 21 Cooper reported the ligation of the innominate artery for aneurism in a patient who died on the ninth postoperative day. In this Commentary, Cooper responds to severe criticism of the operation by Professor Brainard of Rush Medical College, published in the Chicago Medical Journal 2, no. 12 (Dec 1859): 731-732.

  17. "A new method of obliterating aneurysmal tumors by ligatures." San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (Oct 1860): 223-225.
  18. "Dysentery and diarrhea" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (Oct 1860): 225-227.
  19. "Digital compression successfully employed in a case of white swelling" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (Oct 1860): 227-229.
  20. "Surgical case: Wound of the profunda femoris near the linea aspera; ligature of both extremities" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (Oct 1860): 229-232.
  21. "Duties of physicians to medical societies" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (Oct 1860): 232-234.
  22. "Acupressure abroad" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (1860 Oct): 242-244.
  23. "Cases illustrating a new and successful treatment of varicose veins" (Commentary). (Cooper reports his animal experiments on the subject). San Francisco Medical Press 1, no. 4 (Oct 1860): 244-247.
  24. "On opening freely the large joints for the purpose of discharging purulent matter, as well as for the better treatment of ulcerations of the articular surfaces: Remarks upon the innocuousness of atmosphere admitted into the joints, etc., etc." American Medical Gazette (New York) 11, no. 12 (Dec 1860): 881-885.
  25. "A case of synovitis and ulceration of the articular surfaces of the knee-joint: Cure by opening the capsular ligament on both sides, and dividing two-thirds of the ligamentum patella by a transverse incision." American Medical Gazette (New York) 11, no. 12 (Dec 1860): 885-887.
  26. "Case of long-standing inflammation of the knee-joint, accompanied with ulceration of articulating faces of the patella, the tibia, and the condyles of the femur. Cured by dividing the ligamentum patellae, and opening the joint freely. Subsequent reproduction of the ligament, etc., etc." (To be continued.) American Medical Gazette (New York) 11, no. 12 (Dec 1860): 887-890.

1861

  1. "Is there any known limit beyond which it is impossible for a divided ligament or tendon to be reproduced? Cases tending to prove there is not, with remarks." (Continued from Citation No. 51, and concluded.) American Medical Gazette (New York) 12, no. 1 (Jan 1861): 1-6.
  2. "Division of the tendo-achilles by direct incision: Cases showing a separation of the divided extremities of three and four inches, followed by a reproduction of tendon." American Medical Gazette (New York) 12, no. 1 (Jan 1861): 6-9.
  3. "Ligature of the innominata" (Letter to the Editor). American Medical Gazette (New York) 12, no. 1 (Jan 1861): 9-10.
  4. "Successful removal of ovarian tumor of eighteen pounds." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 4, no. 1 (Jan 1861): 9-10.
  5. "Operation for the removal of an ovarian tumor, weighing 17 pounds: Death of patient by subsequent internal hemorrhage." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 10-13.
  6. "Treatment of fractured patella by Malgaigne's Hooks" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 13-16.
  7. "Incarnatio unguis - inverted toe-nail" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 16-19.
  8. "The man through whose head an iron rod passed still living" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 19-21.
  9. "The local treatment of gleet by compression" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 21-22.
  10. "Conservative surgery in San Francisco." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 33-37.
  11. "The boy Beanston." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 37-38.
  12. "The frequency of death by chloroform." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 40-42.
  13. "We challenge criticism" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 45-46.
  14. "Cooper comments on a Letter to the Editors of Lancet and Observer re air embolism" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 46-48.
  15. "Our case of ligating the arteria innominata." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 52-54.

    Note: Dr. Cooper's first operation for ligation of the artreria Innominata was reported in 1859 (Citation No. 21). This is the second operation for ligation of the arteria innominata to be performed by him. In a Letter to the Editor of the American Medical Gazette dated 30 October 1860, Dr. Cooper made a progess report on this second patient on the thirtieth postoperative day (Citation No. 54.). The patient died on the forty-first postoperative day (Citation No. 98).

  16. "On the effects of injuries of the joints and periosteum in California." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 54-55.
  17. "Phagedenic ulcers." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 5 (Jan 1861): 57-58.
  18. "Reproduction of the left half of the lower maxilla." American Medical Times (New York) 2, no. 8 (Feb 23, 1861): 129-130.
  19. "Scooping of the upper part of the tibia for long- standing disease of that bone. Cure of patient." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 4, no. 3 (Mar 1861): 150-151.
  20. "New method of treating long standing dislocations of the scapulo-clavicular articulation." American Journal of Medical Sciences (Philadelphia) 41, no. 82 (Apr 1861): 389-392.
  21. "Case of severe mechanical lesion of the knee-joint" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 6 (Apr 1861): 70-73.
  22. "Removal of five inches of the lower end of the fibula, from a boy, two years and seven months old. Reproduction of bone and cure of patient." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 6 (Apr 1861): 79-81.
  23. "A case of ligation of the primitive iliac artery" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 6 (Apr 1861): 92-94.
  24. "Hemorrhage from gun-shot wounds." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 6 (Apr 1861): 94-95.
  25. "Mercury: Its merits and demerits" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 6 (Apr 1861): 106-107.
  26. "Silver ligatures in ununited fractures in California" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 6 (Apr 1861): 111.
  27. "Case of ununited fracture of the os humeri of four years' standing. Cure by the use of silver ligatures." American Medical Times (New York) 2, no. 21 (May 25, 1861): 337.
  28. "Case of death from pyemia after exsecting a portion of the tibia." American Medical Times (New York) 2, no. 22 (Jun 1, 1861): 353-354.
  29. "Case of exsection of the articulating faces of the knee-joint, for disease of eleven years' standing. Cure of the patient." American Medical Times (New York) 2, no. 23 (Jun 8, 1861): 368-369.
  30. "Making one finger of two pieces." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 4, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 393-394.
  31. "Case of convergent strabismus, accompanied with true fibrous degeneration of the subconjunctival fascia and other tissues. Almost complete blindness in one eye. Operation. Cure. With remarks upon the usual plan of operation." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 129-133.
  32. "Free openings into suppurating joints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 134-136.
  33. "Discussion on the treatment of morbus coxarius" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 136-145.
  34. "New surgical principles." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 148-149.
  35. "Removal of the parotid and submaxillary glands. Tempero-maxillary articulation destroyed and reproduced." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 152-154.
  36. "On the safety of surgical operations for the cure of goitre." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 155-156.
  37. "Case of extra capsular fracture of the os humeri. Injury of the axillary plexus of nerves and blood vessels. Subsequent mortification and amputation of the limb." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 156-157.
  38. "New rhinoplastic operation." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 157-158.
  39. "Rapid recovery after the exsection of the hip-joint" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 159.
  40. "Tin fracture splints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 159-160.
  41. "Extraordinary case of carcinoma of the liver" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 164.
  42. "Silver ligatures in ununited fractures" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 179-181.
  43. "Admission of air into joints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 7 (Jul 1861): 182-183.
  44. "Case of pseudarthrosis of the tibia in a medical man. Cured by the use of silver ligatures." American Medical Times (New York) 3, no. 6 (Aug 10, 1861): 84-85.
  45. "Case of ununited double fracture of the lower maxilla, of twenty months' standing. Cured by the use of silver ligatures." American Medical Times (New York) 3, no. 7 (Aug 17, 1861): 101.
  46. "Operation for the removal of the head and neck of the os femoris in a case of morbus coxarius. Cure of the patient." American Medical Times (New York) 3, no. 8 (Aug 24, 1861): 116.
  47. "Case of ligating the arteria innominata; with remarks." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 4, no. 8 (Aug 1861): 475-480.
  48. "Operation for exsecting the humero-ulnar joint. Removing two inches of the lower end of the os humeri and over one inch of the ulna, including also the cylindrical head of the radius." St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 19, no. 5 (Sep 1861): 414-416.
  49. "Case of degeneration of the substance of the radius and ulna. The shafts of the two bones becoming identified in structure. Removal of a longitudinal section, and drilling the bony substance. Cure." St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal 19, no. 5 (Sep 1861): 416-419.
  50. "Reproduction of the inferior maxillary bone" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 206-209.
  51. "Wound of the radial artery; compression; secondary hemorrhage; ligature" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 210-215.
  52. "Trial for alleged malpractice. Verdict: No cause of action" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 215-217.
  53. "Ununited fracture of the humerus of twenty-seven months' standing, successfully treated by excision and silver wire" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 221-223.
  54. "Abscess of bone." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 224-226.
  55. "On the propriety of exsecting parts of the hip bones when found diseased in coxarius morbus." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 226-228.
  56. "Case of trephining for epilepsy. Temporary relief obtained, apparently from loss of blood." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 228-230.
  57. "Case of successful abdominal section. Remarks upon the comparative danger attending this operation from internal hemorrhage and all other causes." San Francisco Medical Press 2, no. 8 (Oct 1861): 230-234.
  58. "Case of exsection of the knee-joint in consequence of disease of bone caused by a gun-shot wound." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 4, no. 10 (Oct 1861): 604-605.
  59. "Case of ununited fracture of the lower third of the femur. Cured by the use of silver ligatures." Cincinnati Lancet and Observer 4, no. 12 (Dec 1861): 715-717.

1862

  1. "Ununited fracture of the lower maxilla" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 6-8.
  2. "Free openings into suppurating joints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 8-10.
  3. "Ipecacuanha in diarrhea and dysentery" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 16-17.
  4. "Removing the clitoris in cases of masturbation, accompanied with threatening insanity." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 17-21.
  5. "Wounds into joints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 21-22.
  6. "Case in which the entire diaphysis of the tibia was removed" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, 9 (Jan 1862): 22-23.
  7. "Death from an operation for ununited fracture" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 26.
  8. "Dancing in San Francisco, hygienically considered." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 26-28.
  9. "Hip-joint disease, commencing in the cervix femoris. Diffuse suppuration." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 30.
  10. "Practitioners adopting specialties." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 30-32.
  11. "Review of monograph by Richard Barwell, FRCS, Assistant Surgeon Charing Cross Hospital, London, entitiled A Treatise on Diseases of the Joints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 9 (Jan 1862): 39-51.

    Note: This review includes a detailed exposition of Cooper's doctrine of early free and open drainage of septic joints and his observation that admission of air into a joint is innocuous.

  12. "A case report by L. M. Lyon on operation for false cartilage in the knee-joint by free incision" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 73-74.
  13. "Considerations in reference to healthy, in contra-distinction to diseased joints" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 79-81.
  14. "Acupressure abroad" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 81-83.
  15. "Lockjaw following ovariotomy." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 104-105.

    Note: Cooper's patient died of tetanus on the ninth postoperative day, a complication he attributed to her having become chilled by exposure to cold air.

  16. "Review of a book by G. H. B. Macloed, FRCS, entitled Notes on the Surgery of the War in the Crimea, with Remarks on the Treatment of Gunshot Wounds" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 115-119.

    Note: Author Macloed described different types of incision made with a view to favoring discharge of purulent matter in gunshot wounds. Cooper pointed out, as later widely recognized, that the important principle in management of such wounds is to prevent purulent collections and their penetration into surrounding tissues by keeping wounds packed open so that they heal from inside out.

  17. "Swinburne on the Treatment of Fractures by Extension" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 119-120.
  18. "Letter from Professor L. A. Ayre, Bellevue Hospital Medical College re his priority in advocacy of the innocuousness of atmosphere admitted into the tissues" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 10 (Apr 1862): 127-128.
  19. "Cutting away of bronchocele without hemorrhage, with a case. Remarks." Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 8, no. 2 (Apr 12, 1862): 38-39.
  20. "Case of ununited fracture of the tibia; curvature of the fibula; union by silver ligatures." Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 8, no. 3 (Apr 19, 1862): 56.
  21. "Fracture with depression of the skull of seven years' standing, resulting in loss of memory and epileptic fits." American Medical Times (New York) 4, no. 23 (Jun 7, 1862): 310.

    Note: A preliminary report of this case was published as Citation No. 107.

  22. "Operation for morbus coxarius. Removal of the head and neck of the femur, and also the articulating face of the acetabulum." Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 8, no. 10 (Jun 7, 1862): 244-245.

    Note: A preliminary report of this case was published as Citation No. 90.

  23. "Removal of a tumor involving the parotid and submaxillary glands; destruction of the tempero- maxillary articulation; reproduction of joint, and cure of patient." American Medical Times (New York) 4, no. 24 (Jun 14, 1862): 330-331.

    Note: A preliminary report of this case was published as Citation No. 86 and a follow-up report was published as Citation No 139.

  24. "Case of ununited fracture of the lower maxilla successfully treated by silver ligatures." Medical and Surgical Reporter (Philadelphia) 8, no. 11 (Jun 14, 1862): 267-268.
  25. "A case of scooping a portion of the tibia, for disease of twenty-four years' standing. Operation; cure." American Medical Times (New York) 4, no. 25 (Jun 21, 1862): 347.
  26. "Artificial anus in the lumbar region" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 11 (Jul 1862): 148-149.
  27. "A new method of regular and constant coarctation of parts in operations for harelip." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 11 (Jul 1862): 177-179.
  28. "On reproduction of tendons whose divided ends have separated over four inches." San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 11 (Jul 1862): 179-182.
  29. "Complete reproduction of the temporo-maxillary articulation" (Commentary). San Francisco Medical Press 3, no. 11 (Jul 1862): 182.
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